Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomology
The development of standardized and rating scales help systematizes the assessment of psychiatric disorders and their symptoms. The purpose of several structured and semi structured diagnostic tools elicits presence, duration, and severity of symptomatology for diagnosis based on DSM. The different tools are unique in their flexibility, the order of questions, training required to administer, time frame and range of disorders assessed, and range of disorders assessed (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1995).
Assessment tools are utilized to guide the treatment given to clients. It is said the primary purpose of assessments tools is to help measure the extent of illness and diagnose. Also, helping to measure the client’s response. Clinicians must be familiar with structured interviews and questionnaires. Treatment must be individualized by integrating assessment instruments depending on the characteristics of the client and their families including age and culture (American Psychological Association, 2020).
Rating scales such as the Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomology (QIDS) have been developed to allow valid and reliable quantitative assessment for specific scope of symptoms. Rating scales are useful measuring the severity of symptoms helping to establish a baseline for a response to a therapeutic intervention like medication which later can be compared. Rating scales help to measure the overall level of impairment (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 1995).
The QIDS again helps to assess the severity of nine symptom criteria according to DSM. Using rating scales such a QIDS has been recommended due to being developed to close coordination with DSM-IV and it is quick to administer (Cameron, Crawford, Cardy et al, 2013). QIDS can be conducted by a clinician QIDS-C16, self-reported interactive voice response (IVR) (QIS-IVR16) telephone system. The self-report accurately assesses treatment outcomes. The telephone interactive voice response helps clinicians gain access to assessment from anywhere at any time. The QIDS offers time-efficient and reliable method to assess depressive symptom severity. Reliability comes from QIDS utilizing nine domains in addition to associated symptoms such as anxiety and irritability (Rush, Berstein, Trivedi, 2006).
American Psychiatric of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (1995). Practice parameters for the
Psychiatric assessment of children and adolescents. Washington, DC: Author.
Retrieved from https://www.aacap.org/App_Themes/AACAP/practice_parameters/
American Psychological Association. (2020). Assessment tools. Retrieved from
Cameron, I. M., Crawford, J. R., Cardy, A. H., du Toit, S. W., Lawton, K., Hay, S., Mitchell, K.,
Sharma, S., Shivaprasad, S., Winning, S., & Reid, I. C. (2013). Psychometric properties of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR) in UK primary care.Journal of Psychiatric Research. Retrieved from https://doi- org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2013.01.019